Support

Using the Rekindle Website

Technical Support
For technical support when using Rekindle, please email rekindle@nswcc.org.au and we will respond to your enquiry within three working days.

Emotional Support
Sex, sexuality and cancer are sensitive issues. If you are experiencing distress and need immediate assistance, please call one of the below organisations:

Beyond Blue
1300 22 46 36
beyondblue.org.au

LifeLine
13 11 14
lifeline.org.au

Sexual Assault Counselling Australia
1800 211 028

Further Information
If you have any problems while in the study please contact a member of the Rekindle team by phone or email:

Working hours telephone number: 02 9036 5392 or 1300 85 44 37
After hours telephone number: 0421 867 180
Email address: rekindle@nswcc.org.au

Ethics Approval and Complaints
This study has been approved by the Ethics Review Committee (RPAH Zone) of the Sydney Local Health District. Any person with concerns or complaints about the conduct of this study should contact the Executive Officer on (02) 9515 6766 and quote protocol number X14-0111.

Glossary

You may come across new terms when using Rekindle or talking to health professionals. You can check the meaning of other health-related words at www.cancercouncil.com.au/words or www.cancervic.org.au/glossary.

adrenal glands

Triangular glands resting on top of each kidney that produce adrenaline and other hormones.

androgens

Male sex hormones that produce male physical characteristics such as facial hair or a deep voice. The main androgen hormone, testosterone, is produced by the testicles.

brachytherapy

A type of radiotherapy treatment that implants radioactive material sealed in needles or seeds into or near cancerous tissue. Also called internal radiotherapy.

breast-conserving surgery

Surgery to remove part of the breast. Also called a lumpectomy.

breast reconstruction

The surgical rebuilding of a breast after mastectomy.

catheter

A hollow, flexible tube through which fluids can be passed into the body or drained from it.

cervix

The end of the uterus that forms a canal and extends into the vagina.

chemotherapy

The use of cytotoxic drugs to treat cancer by killing cancer cells or slowing their growth.

climax

The peak of sexual response. Also know as orgasm.

clitoris

The main sexual pleasure organ for women. It has rich sensory nerve endings and becomes erect during arousal.

colostomy

An operation in which the colon is attached to an opening in the abdomen.

cystoscopy

A procedure that uses a cystoscope to see inside the bladder and remove tissue samples or small tumours.

cytotoxic drug

A substance that is toxic to cells and kills or slows their growth.

dam

A silky thin sheet of latex used by both women and men when having protected oral sex. Also called a dental dam.

depression

Very low mood on most days, lasting for more than two weeks.

diagnosis

The identification and naming of a disease.

dry orgasm

Sexual climax without the release of semen from the penis (ejaculation).

ejaculation

When semen passes through the urethra and out of the penis during an orgasm.

erection

The stretching and stiffening of the penis in response to sexual stimulation.

erectile dysfunction

Inability to obtain and maintain an erection firm enough for penetration. Also called impotence.

erogenous zones

Areas the body that respond to sexual stimulation.

external genitalia

The collective term for the external genitals (reproductive organs). In men, it includes the penis, scrotum and testes. In women, it is known collectively as the vulva and includes the clitoris, labia minora, labia majora and mons pubis.

Fallopian tubes

The two long, thin tubes that extend from the uterus to the ovaries. The Fallopian tubes carry the sperm to the egg and a fertilised egg from the ovary to the uterus.

fatigue

Extreme tiredness and lack of energy that doesn’t go away with rest.

fertility

The ability to conceive a child.

genitals

The external sexual organs in men and women.

hormone

Secreted by glands, hormones are chemical messages that transfer information between cells. Some hormones control growth, others control reproduction.

hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

The use of hormones to treat the symptoms of menopause.

hormone therapy

A treatment that blocks the body’s natural hormones that help some cancers grow. Also called endocrine therapy.

hysterectomy

The surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.

ileostomy

An operation that connects the small bowel to a surgically created opening (stoma) in the abdomen.

impotence

See erectile dysfunction.

incontinence

Inability to hold or control the loss of urine or faeces.

indwelling catheter

A hollow, flexible tube that can be inserted in the urethra, fluids can be passed into the body or drained from it. Also called Foley catheters.

labia majora

The outer lips of the vulva.

labia minora

The inner lips of the vulva. These join at the top to cover over the clitoris.

libido

Sex drive/sexual desire.

lumpectomy

Surgery to remove part of the breast. Also called breast- conserving surgery.

lymph nodes

Small, bean-shaped collections of lymph cells are scattered across the lymphatic system. Also called lymph glands.

lymphadenectomy

Removal of the lymph glands from a part of the body.

lymphoedema

Swelling caused by a build-up of lymph fluid. This happens when lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes do not drain properly.

mastectomy

The surgical removal of the whole breast.

masturbation

Stimulation of the genitals without sexual intercourse to reach orgasm. Also called self pleasuring.

menopause

The time when women stop having periods (menstruating).

mons pubis

The triangle of tissue that is covered by pubic hair, located at the base of a woman’s belly.

oestrogen

A female sex hormone produced mainly by the ovaries.

oophorectomy

The surgical removal of an ovary.

orchidectomy

An operation to remove one or both testicles (testes). Also called orchiectomy.

orgasm

See climax.

osteoporosis

Thinning of the bones that can lead to bone pain and fractures.

ovaries

The female reproductive organ that produces eggs (ova).

ovulation

The release of an egg during the menstrual cycle.

ovum

The female egg produced by the ovary.

perineum

The area of skin between the vulva (or, for males, the scrotum) and the anus.

pelvic extenteration

The surgical removal of the affected organs in the pelvis.

premature ejaculation

The inability to delay ejaculation.

premature/early menopause

Menopause that occurs before the age of 40.

progesterone

A female sex hormone produced mostly by the ovaries that prepares the lining of the uterus (endometrium) for pregnancy.

prostate

A gland about the size of a walnut in the male reproductive system. It produces most of the fluid that makes up semen.

prostatectomy

An operation to remove all or part of the prostate gland.

prosthesis

An artificial replacement for a lost body part.

radiotherapy

The use of radiation to kill cancer cells or injure them so they cannot grow and multiply.

retrograde ejaculation

A condition where the sperm travels backwards into the bladder, instead of forwards out of the penis.

scrotum

The external pouch of skin behind the penis containing the testicles.

semen

The fluid containing sperm and secretions from the testicles (testes) and seminal vesicles that is ejaculated from the penis during sexual climax/orgasm.

seminal vesicles

Glands that lie very close to the prostate and produce secretions that form part of the semen.

side effect

Unintended effect of a drug or treatment.

sperm

The male sex cell. It is made in the testicles (testes).

stoma

A surgically created opening that connects an organ, such as the bowel, to the outside of the body.

supra-pubic catheter

A catheter inserted through an incision made above your public bone and below your belly- button. See indwelling catheter.

testes

Two egg-shaped glands that produce sperm and the male sex hormone, testosterone. Also called testicles.

testicles

See testes.

testosterone

The major male sex hormone produced by the testicles (testes).

urethra

The tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

uterus

The hollow muscular organ in which a fertilised egg grows and a foetus is nourished until birth. Also called the womb.

vagina

The passage leading from the vulva to the uterus in females.

vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis)

Thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to a decline in oestrogen.

vaginectomy

An operation that removes the vagina.

vaginismus

A spasm in the vaginal or pelvic muscles that may prevent sexual intercourse.

vas deferens

Tubes in the male reproductive system that carry the sperm from the testicles (testes) to the prostate.

vulva

The external sexual organs of a women. This includes the mons pubis, labia minora and majora and clitoris.

vulvectomy

Removal of some or all of the outer sex organs (the vulva).

womb

See uterus.